Paper: 12" * 9" (30cm * 23cm) medium-texture drawing paper
Pencils: 2B graphite, 6B graphite, 8B graphite
Other Supplies: kneaded eraser
Optional Supplies: 12" * 9" (30cm × 23cm) fine- or medium-texture sketch paper, lightbox or transfer paper, straightedge, tracing paper
STEP 1: Place the Basic Portions
Using a 2B pencil, sketch short horizontal lines for the top of the hat and a baseline where the heels of the shoes rest. Sketch a line for the chin and a line for the top of the head, which is hidden by the hat. Sketch a centerline halfway between the top of the head and the baseline. The legs will be sketched in between the centerline and the baseline. Add a vertical line as the line of balance.
STEP 2: Sketch the Head and Torso
Sketch an oval for the shape of the head. Sketch a horizontal line for the top of the shoulders and vertical lines for the width of the torso.
STEP 3: Add the Basic Shapes of the Arms, Hands, Legs and Feet
Continuing with the 2B pencil, sketch basic shapes. Add the arms and hands with attention to the angles of the arms and the placement of the hands. Add the legs and feet to the bottom half of the figure in a similar manner.
STEP 4: Develop the Form of the Body
Sketch some of the form of the body, including the neck, arms, hands, knees and legs.
STEP 5: Sketch the Clothes
Develop the form of the hat, coat and pants. Add lines for the cane, which you can sketch in using a straightedge.
STEP 6: Add and Refine the Details
Start adding details throughout the sketch, including lines for the features of the face and refining the forms of the clothes.
STEP 7: Add More Details, Erase Unwanted Lines or Trace or Transfer the Image
With a 2B pencil, continue adding details including folds and shadow lines. Erase unwanted lines if working directly on the drawing paper. If you are working on sketch paper, trace or transfer the image onto drawing paper, omitting unwanted lines. Add lines for the cast shadow of the figure at the lower right of the scene.
STEP 8: Add the Values
With a 2B pencil, add the light and middle values throughout the drawing. Avoid going too dark at this stage or you may lose the detail and fold lines underneath the applied pencil strokes.
STEP 9: Add the Darks
With an 8B pencil, add the dark, shadowed regions. Where one form may become lost because it is in front of an equally dark form, consider lightening an edge. You can do this to the edge of the hat brim and also the sleeve that is in front of the coat.
Drawing With a Full Range of Values
Remember to put your value scale to use by comparing the values on the value scale with that of your subject and also to your drawing so that you will create a realistic-looking masterpiece.
STEP 10: Add the Darks and Details, Make Adjustments
With a 6B pencil, add the darks and details throughout the drawing. If needed, make adjustments by lightening some areas with the kneaded eraser. Sign the front of your drawing and write the date on the back.